Monday, April 20, 2009

Development of Technology

Technology necessity, whether that information technology and telecommunications is very high from the start the middle and down the middle to the top. All individuals need is to accelerate technology development or to improve the development of both individuals and group. Development of technology at this time is very fast telecommunications technology, which allows a diverse selection of technology and the sophistication of technology. When this happens a tight competition between the 2 communication technology provider and FWA (fixed Wireless Access). The development of communication technology, especially wireless technology already in the starting 90 since mid-year with technology 1G (First Generation) by using technologies AMPS (Advance Mobile Phone System). AMPS where this technology was first used by the military in the United States.

In the period of 10 years since the birth of AMPS development occurred very rapidly with a variety or the invention of communication technology and innovation, the end of the year 90 is created technology 2G (Second Generation). major differences from G1 and G2 technology is still using the G1 and G2 systems Analogue systems already use Digital. 2G technologies can be divided into two major groups, namely TDMA (time division multiple access) and CDMA (code division multiple access). TDMA to develop their own in some versions, namely the European GSM, IDEN in the United States, PDC in Japan. While CDMA thrive in the U.S. and Canada. Ability light 2G technology is not only can be used for telephone, (voice), but also to send SMS (Short Message Service) to send the message using the text. The presence of second-generation technology, the mobile technology new-that is GSM ( Global System for Mobile communications) A 2G wireless communication system. Frequency that can be used in GSM is 850MHz, 900Mhz, 1800Mhz and 1900Mhz. The second generation mobile renovate first generation in the field of digital technology, which in theory is basically in the field of data transfer, for example, is a GSM (using the protocol, CSD, HSCSD, GPRS and EDGE) and one CDMA. Second generation technology to make this technology development faster with the excess share / features offered by the second generation of this technology than to send SMS and voice. But all this excess is also still not satisfy the experts to develop a better technology with all the benefits of technology (first and second generation).

Then early in 2000 generation technology 2.5 (2.5 G) that have the ability to transfer data more quickly. The famous of this generation is GPRS (General Packet Radio Service) and EDGE (Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution) A protocol of how to manage the transfer of data on the GSM wireless system. In theory EDGE data transfer speeds can reach 384 Kbps. 2G technologies are significant improvements, so that the 2.5G and 2.75G. Variants is not made by the consortium, but as a marketing strategy by several mobile phone factory. Typical 2.5G technology (two and a half generation) technology is GPRS (global package radio service) that can be used to send data in large numbers, such as SMS are not only able to send and receive alpha-numeric only. 2.5G generation is also the generation 2.75G with it, because it is close to the 3G technology. 2.5G technology (or 2.75G), the system in the GSM system called EDGE (Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution) is being called on the CDMA system with the CDMA 2000 1x. Both have data transfer speeds approaching 144KB/second. Evolution and development of communication technology, this does not stop until here, the big countries in the World either Europe, Asia and United States are watching the race to develop innovation and research to bring the latest technology. Once the technology Generation First, Second and 2.5 G technology, then followed later with the Third Generation (3G) that offers advantages do better both in terms of features and capabilities with the features Data Transfer Data transfer speed faster than the previous service in a very required by customers.

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